Diking  Luci  Yadea . It was introduced on 9 November A public vote was used to select from three finalists—a cat, a tiger, and a wolf. In total, only four players were sent off in the entire tournament, the fewest since Eckert instead released a shorter revised summary, and his and therefore FIFA's reluctance to publish the full report caused Garcia to resign in protest. Harry Kane 6 goals.
For the video game, see FIFA Its music video was released on 8 June Verkhneuslonsky , Republic of Tatarstan Costa Rica:
England, which was bidding to host its second tournament, was eliminated in the first round. At the start of the ceremony, Russian president Vladimir Putin gave a speech, welcoming the countries of the world to Russia and calling football a uniting force. Egypt, returning to the finals after their last appearance in ; Morocco, who last competed in ; Peru, returning after ; and Senegal, competing for the second time after reaching the quarter-finals in Notable countries that failed to qualify include four-time champions Italy for the first time since , three-time runners-up and third placed in the Netherlands for the first time since , and four reigning continental champions: The other notable qualifying streaks broken were for Ghana and Ivory Coast , who had both made the previous three tournaments. Garcia , a US attorney, to investigate and produce a report on the corruption allegations. The word mechta Russian: The difference between Telstar 18 and Mechta is the red details on the design. Competing countries were divided into eight groups of four teams groups A to H. Eckert instead released a shorter revised summary, and his and therefore FIFA's reluctance to publish the full report caused Garcia to resign in protest. Allegations of corruption in the bidding processes for the and World Cups caused threats from England's FA to boycott the tournament. A Fan-ID was required to enter the country visa-free, while a ticket, Fan-ID and a valid passport were required to enter stadiums for matches. The last facility commissioned was a waste treatment station in Volgograd. All times listed below are local time. FIFA President Gianni Infantino stated, "Everyone discovered a beautiful country, a welcoming country, that is keen to show the world that everything that has been said before might not be true. On 29 March , FIFA released the list of 36 referees and 63 assistant referees selected to oversee matches. Initially, each team had to name a preliminary squad of 30 players but, in February , this was increased to Players in the final squad may be replaced for serious injury up to 24 hours prior to kickoff of the team's first match and such replacements do not need to have been named in the preliminary squad. The ranking of teams in the group stage was determined as follows: In the knockout stages, if a match is level at the end of normal playing time, extra time is played two periods of 15 minutes each and followed, if necessary, by a penalty shoot-out to determine the winners. France won the match 4—2 to claim their second World Cup title , marking the fourth consecutive title won by a European team. Russia proposed the following host cities: The bid evaluation report stated: Three of the 16 stadiums would be renovated, and 13 would be newly constructed. Fan-IDs also granted World Cup attendees free access to public transport services, including buses, and train service between host cities. In Yekaterinburg, where four matches are hosted, hosting costs increased to over 7. A public vote was used to select from three finalists—a cat, a tiger, and a wolf. Of the twelve venues used, the Luzhniki Stadium in Moscow and the Saint Petersburg Stadium — the two largest stadiums in Russia — were used most, both hosting seven matches. Sepp Blatter stated in July that, given the concerns over the completion of venues in Russia, the number of venues for the tournament may be reduced from 12 to He also said, "We are not going to be in a situation, as is the case of one, two or even three stadiums in South Africa , where it is a problem of what you do with these stadiums". Costs continued to balloon as preparations were underway. At the close of the World Cup Russia was widely praised for its success in hosting the tournament, with Steve Rosenberg of the BBC deeming it "a resounding public relations success" for Putin, adding, "The stunning new stadiums, free train travel to venues and the absence of crowd violence has impressed visiting supporters. Russia was placed in position A1 in the group stage and played in the opening match at the Luzhniki Stadium in Moscow on 14 June against Saudi Arabia , the two lowest-ranked teams of the tournament at the time of the final draw. If a match went into extra time, each team was allowed to make a fourth substitution, the first time this had been allowed in a FIFA World Cup tournament. Sochi, Kazan, Nizhny Novgorod and Samara all hosted six matches, including one quarter-final match each, while the Otkrytiye Stadium in Moscow and Rostov-on-Don hosted five matches, including one round-of match each. The opening ceremony took place on Thursday, 14 June , at the Luzhniki Stadium in Moscow, preceding the opening match of the tournament between hosts Russia and Saudi Arabia. The Krestovsky Stadium in Saint Petersburg hosted the first semi-final on 10 July and the third place play-off on 14 July. The official match ball of the World Cup group stage was " Telstar 18 ", based on the name and design of the first Adidas World Cup ball from It was introduced on 9 November After the group stage, "Telstar Mechta" was used for the knockout stage. Russia has come across as friendly and hospitable: All the foreign fans I have spoken to are pleasantly surprised. Of the 32 teams, 20 had also appeared in the previous tournament in , while both Iceland and Panama made their first appearances at a FIFA World Cup. FIFA also published an alternate team of the tournament based on player performances evaluated through statistical data. Volgograd, Kaliningrad, Yekaterinburg and Saransk all hosted four matches, but did not host any knockout stage games. Ten European teams and four South American teams progressed to the knockout stage, together with Japan and Mexico. Teams in each group played one another in a round-robin basis, with the top two teams of each group advancing to the knockout stage. Prize money amounts were announced in October The tournament logo was unveiled on 28 October by cosmonauts at the International Space Station and then projected onto Moscow's Bolshoi Theatre during an evening television programme. On 3 June , the FBI confirmed that the federal authorities were investigating the bidding and awarding processes for the and World Cups. Only one match, France v Denmark, was goalless. In October , Russia decreased the number of stadiums from 16 to Construction of the proposed Podolsk stadium in the Moscow region was cancelled by the regional government, and also in the capital, Otkrytiye Arena was competing with Dynamo Stadium over which would be constructed first. In response to the March poisoning of Sergei and Yulia Skripal , British Prime Minister Theresa May announced that no British ministers or members of the royal family would attend the World Cup, and issued a warning to any travelling England fans. The first phase of ticket sales started on 14 September , The general visa policy of Russia did not apply to participants and spectators, who were able to visit Russia without a visa right before and during the competition regardless of their citizenship. A total of 64 matches were played in 12 venues across 11 cities. Eckert's summary cleared Russia and Qatar of any wrongdoing, but was denounced by critics as a whitewash. However, teams from the same confederation still were not drawn against each other for the group stage, except that two UEFA teams could be in each group. Preference, especially in the key areas, was given to those with knowledge of foreign languages and volunteering experience, but not necessarily to Russian nationals. The bidding procedure to host the and FIFA World Cup tournaments began in January , and national associations had until 2 February to register their interest. VAR operations for all games are operating from a single headquarters in Moscow, which receives live video of the games and are in radio contact with the on-field referees. For the first time since , no African team progressed to the second round. The voting results were as follows: They claimed that four members of the executive committee had requested bribes to vote for England, and Sepp Blatter had said that it had already been arranged before the vote that Russia would win. Controversial issues have included the level of racism in Russian football,    and discrimination against LGBT people in wider Russian society. The award was sponsored by Hyundai. Fan-ID was administered by the Ministry of Digital Development, Communications and Mass Media , who could revoke these accreditations at any time to "ensure the defence capability or security of the state or public order". A lot of preconceived ideas have been changed because people have seen the true nature of Russia. Its music video was released on 8 June Thirty-three footballers who are alleged to be part of the steroid program are listed in the McLaren Report. The choice of Russia as host has been challenged. VAR had a significant impact in several games. Until then there were a record 36 straight games in which at least one goal was scored. They were satisfied with the progress. Saransk Airport received a new navigation system; the city also got two new hotels, Mercure Saransk Centre Accor Hotels and Four Points by Sheraton Saransk Starwood Hotels as well as few other smaller accommodation facilities. Twelve own goals were scored during the tournament, doubling the record of six set in In total, only four players were sent off in the entire tournament, the fewest since A player is automatically suspended for the next match for the following offences: The following awards were given at the conclusion of the tournament. Russian Sports Minister Vitaly Mutko said that the logo was inspired by "Russia's rich artistic tradition and its history of bold achievement and innovation", and FIFA President Sepp Blatter stated that it reflected the "heart and soul" of the country.
It took place in Russia from 14 June to 15 July The finals involved 32 teams, of which 31 came through qualifying competitions , while the host nation qualified automatically. For players named in the player preliminary squad, there was a mandatory rest period between 21 and 27 May , except for those involved in the UEFA Champions League Final played on 26 May.
The British Foreign Office and MPs had repeatedly warned English football fans and "people of Asian or Afro-Caribbean descent" travelling to Russia of "racist or homophobic intimidation, hooligan violence and anti-British hostility". For the first time, the fair play criteria came into use, when Japan qualified over Senegal due to having received fewer yellow cards.
Free public transport services were offered for ticketholders during the World Cup, including additional trains linking between host cities, as well as services such as bus service within them. Platov International Airport in Rostov-on-Don was upgraded with automated air traffic control systems, modern surveillance, navigation, communication, control, and meteorological support systems.
The final choice of host cities was announced on 29 September The number of cities was further reduced to 11 and number of stadiums to 12 as Krasnodar and Yaroslavl were dropped from the final list. Of the 32 nations qualified to play at the FIFA World Cup, 20 countries competed at the previous tournament in Both Iceland and Panama qualified for the first time, with the former becoming the smallest country in terms of population to reach the World Cup.
Base camps were used by the 32 national squads to stay and train before and during the World Cup tournament. The draw was held on 1 December at Pot 1 contained the hosts Russia who were automatically assigned to position A1 and the best seven teams, pot 2 contained the next best eight teams, and so on for pots 3 and 4. In February , Ukrainian rightsholder UA:
The full schedule was announced by FIFA on 24 July without kick-off times, which were confirmed later. The official mascot for the tournament was unveiled 21 October , and selected through a design competition among university students. For the first time since , Germany reigning champions did not advance past the first round.